Scientific name: Bupalus piniaria
May to June, but to early August in parts of northern Britain
Males fly around conifers in sunshine. Comes to light. Rests with wings held above the body and pressed together like a butterfly. Males vary from yellowish in the south to white in northern England and Scotland, the females varying from orange in the south to brown in the north. Males have feathery antennae.
Size and Family
- Family – Thorns, Beauties and allies ( Ennomines )
- Small / Medium Sized
- Wing Span Range (male to female) - 34-40mm
Overwinters as a pupa. Larva late June to October
Particular Caterpillar Food Plants
Mainly mature Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), Corsican Pine (Pinus nigra laricio), Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta), Norway Spruce (Picea abies)and Larch (Larix decidua).
- Countries – England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland
- Well distributed throughout much of mainland Britain and the Inner Hebrides, sometimes found in abundance
- Distribution Trend Since 1970’s = Britain: Stable
Native pine woodland and plantations, and shelterbelts of conifers. Prefers mature trees.