Humming-bird Hawk-moth

  • Humming-bird Hawk-moth
    Humming-bird Hawk-moth

Scientific name: Macroglossum stellatarum

Resembles a hummingbird as it flies rapidly between plants and hovers to feed over tubular flowers such as Viper's-bugloss (Echium vulgare), during the day.

Similar to Bee hawk moths in flight but the Humming-bird Hawk-moth has orange-brown hindwings which is evident in flight. It has forewings that are greyish-brown and a black and white chequered body.

Size and Family

  • Family – Hawk-moths (Sphingids)
  • Medium / Large Sized 
  • Wing Span Range (male to female) - 50-58mm

Conservation status

  • Immigrant; Suspected resident

Caterpillar Description

Larva mainly June-October, most frequently found in August. Hibernates as an adult in unheated outbuildings and in crevices and holes in walls and trees. Pupates in a cocoon spun close to the ground, among the foliage of the foodplant or in leaf litter.

Particular Caterpillar Food Plants

Lady's Bedstraw (Galium verum), Hedge Bedstraw (Galium album) and Wild Madder (Rubia peregrina). Also seen laying eggs on Red Valerian (Centranthus ruber).

Distribution

  • Countries – England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland
  • Immigrant from Southern Europe and North Africa. Widespread throught UK. Most numerous in Southern and Eastern England, South Wales and the Midlands
  • Distribution Trend Since 1970’s = Britain: Stable

Habitat

Found in many habitats from coastal areas to gardens, woodland ridges and urban window boxes.

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