Goat Moth

  • Goat Moth
    Goat Moth
  • Goat Moth
    Goat Moth
  • Goat Moth
    Goat Moth
  • Goat Moth
    Goat Moth
  • Goat Moth
    Goat Moth
  • Goat Moth
    Goat Moth
  • Goat Moth
    Goat Moth
  • Goat Moth
    Goat Moth
  • Goat Moth
    Goat Moth
  • Goat Moth
    Goat Moth
  • Goat Moth
    Goat Moth
  • Goat Moth
    Goat Moth

Scientific name: Cossus cossus

June to July. Nationally scarce, found only in a few scattered locations in England. A large thickset moth with grey-brown wings covered in a delicate pattern of lines which resemble cracks in bark.

One of only three species of this family that are found in the British Isles. The adults are incapable of feeding. The caterpillars live inside the trunks of a variety of broadleaved trees feeding on the wood. They overwinter three or four times as larvae and a final time as pupae.

Size and Family

  • Family – Leopard and Goat moths (Cossidae)
  • Large Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 64-84mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Priority species
  • Nationally Scarce B

Caterpillar Food Plants

Under the bark and in the heartwood of a range of broadleaved trees especially those in damp areas, including sallows, willow and poplars, Ash (Fraxinus excelsior), birches, oaks, Alder (Alnus glutinosa), Apple (Malus domestica) and other fruit trees.

Habitat

Riverbanks, fens, marshes, parkland, golf courses, hedgerows and woodland edges.

Distribution

  • Countries – England
  • Nationally scarce B. Found in widely scattered locations in eastern England south of the Wash, along the south coast from Devon to Kent and in the Thames Valley.