Mountains and Moorland

Farmland

Upland habitats can seem rather inhospitable at first glance, however, a range of specialist species are adapted to and thrive in these conditions, many only occurring on the higher peaks. It is possible that climate change could impact on these species as, as the climate warms, they will have nowhere to go. Heather moorlands can support a range of species, whilst wetter flushes, rocky crags along stream sides and damp grassland are home to many additional butterflies and moths.

Mountains

Key features:

  • Montane climate
  • Larval food plants such as Mat-grass, Bearberry, Crowberry
  • Presence of nectar sources and shelter

Characteristic butterflies: Green-veined White, Mountain Ringlet, Small Heath

Characteristic moths: Netted Mountain Moth, Black Mountain Moth, Northern Dart, Northern Arches, Small Dark Yellow Underwing

Moorland

Key features:

  • Damp grassland and heather moorland
  • Larval food plants such as Marsh Violet, Bog Myrtle, heather and Bilberry

Characteristic butterflies: Green-veined White, Green Hairstreak, Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary, Heath Fritillary, Dark Green Fritillary, Scotch Argus, Small Heath, Large Heath

Characteristic moths: Argent & Sable, Netted Mountain Moth, Pretty Pinion, Grey Mountain Carpet, Antler Moth, Scarce Silver Y

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