Scientific name: Euphydryas aurinia
The checked wings of this lovely butterfly are more colourful and brightly patterned than any of our other fritillaries.
The Marsh Fritillary is threatened, not only in the UK but across Europe and is therefore, the object of much conservation effort.
The wings of this beautiful butterfly are more brightly patterned than those of other fritillaries, with more heavily marked races being found in Scotland and Ireland. The larvae spin conspicuous webs that can easily be recorded in late summer.
The Marsh Fritillary was once widespread in Britain and Ireland but has declined severely over the twentieth century, a decline mirrored throughout Europe. Its populations are highly volatile and the species probably requires extensive habitats or habitat networks for its long term survival.
Size and Family
- Family: Fritillaries
- Size: Medium
- Wing Span Range (male to female) - 42-48mm
- Butterfly Conservation priority: High
- Section 41 species of principal importance under the NERC Act in England
- Section 42 species of principal importance under the NERC Act in Wales
- Northern Ireland Priority Species
- Scottish Biodiversity List
- UK BAP: Priority Species
- European status: Vulnerable
- Fully protected under the 1981 Wildlife and Countryside Act
- Fully protected under then 1985 Northern Ireland Wildlife Order
The main foodplant is Devil's-bit-Scabious (Succisa pratensis). On calcareous grassland, it occasionally uses Field Scabious (Knautia arvensis) and Small Scabious (Scabiosa columbaria).
- Countries: England, Ireland, Wales and Scotland
- Massively declined and now restricted to the west coast of Scotland, western Wales, Northern Ireland and South West and central southern England.
- Distribution Trend Since 1970’s = -46%.
There are two main habitat types; damp grasslands dominated by tussock forming grasslands and chalk grasslands (usually on west or south-facing slopes in England). Temporary colonies may also exist in large (>1 ha) woodland clearings and in other grasslands.
- Marsh Fritillary Priority Species Factsheet
- Re-connecting the Culm:
- Fritillary Butterflies of Dartmoor
- Marsh Fritillary
- Marsh Fritillary in Scotland