This Fritillary is similar in size and habitats to the Pearl-bordered Fritillary but is more widespread and occurs in damper, grassy habitats as well as woodland clearings and moorland.
The adults fly close to the ground, stopping frequently to take nectar from flowers such as Bramble and thistles. It can be idenfidied from the more numerous whitish pearls on the underside hind wings, the outer ones bordered by black chevrons and from the larger black central dot.
The butterfly remains widespread and locally abundant in Scotland and Wales, but has undergone a severe decline in England.
Size and Family
- Family: Fritillaries
- Size: Medium
- Wing Span Range (male to female): 41-44mm
- Section 41 species of principal importance under the NERC act in England
- Section 42 species of principal importance under the NERC act in Wales
- Scottish Biodiversity List
- UK BAP status: Priority Species
- Butterfly Conservation priority: High
- European Status: Not threatened
The most widely used foodplants are Common Dog-violet (Viola riviniana) and Marsh Violet (V. palustris). It may occasionally feed on other violet species.
Four main habitats are used; damp grassland flushes and moorland (in northern and western Britain); woodland glades and clearings (mainly in southern Britain); grassland with Bracken and/or patches of scrub and open wood pasture and wood edges in Scotland.
- Countries: England, Scotland, and Wales
- Mainly western areas of Britain.
- Very rare in eastern Britain and absent from Ireland
- Distribution Trend Since 1970’s: -34%