80% of butterflies have declined in abundance or distribution since the 1970s

We may be the last generation to enjoy butterflies and moths in abundance

Butterflies and moths are natural indicators of how well or poorly our environment is doing, and it's clear that something is most definitely wrong. Seeing a butterfly or moth shouldn't be a rare thing, but 80% of butterflies have declined since the 1970s.

That's a shocking statement isn't it? Those born in 1976 will only be in their 40s now, and yet in their lifetime more than three quarters of our butterfly species have declined in abundance or distribution. Are we really going to be the last generation to enjoy regularly seeing butterflies and moths?

Climate change, along with biodiversity loss, is pushing much of the natural world to the brink - including many of our most treasured butterflies and moths. This may be the last chance we have to prevent the extinction of some of the UK's most loved species. 


We've brought species back from the brink of extinction and we can do it again

Butterfly Conservation is the charity using science and research to save the species most at risk. We have done it before and we can do it again. Read about how we have helped reintroduce the Large Blue back to the UK, and also how our ongoing work with the Chequered Skipper is helping to save this butterfly for future generations.

Gardening for climate change

Play your part

Find out how you can make a difference for butterflies and moths in your own garden, and download our free guide to Gardening for Climate Change. 

Wood Tiger

Make a difference

Help us to identify and save the moths at risk of extinction by donating to our Climate Change Appeal today. 


Join us

Join us in saving butterflies and moths for future generations and receive regular updates on what you can do to help.

Will we be the last generation to see these species?



This moth has declined by a staggering 98% in abundance and 61% in distribution.

Small Tortoiseshell

Small Tortoiseshell

This garden-favourite shows significant decline in Britain.

Scotch Burnet

Scotch Burnet

Found in the Cairngorms, this moth could be at risk of extinction as climate change causes temperatures to rise.

High Brown Fritillary

High Brown Fritillary

The High Brown Fritillary has undergone a massive decline since the 1950s and is now Britain’s most endangered butterfly.

There are plenty of ways for you to help us to help our butterflies and moths. Head to our 'How you can help' page for more information, and make sure that you are following us on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter for all of our butterfly and moth updates.