The forewings are uniformly brown in colour with a fine white outer cross-line forming a W (the bright-line) and an orange blotch kidney-mark (the brown-eye).
The larvae can be found from June to October, feeding at night. They then overwinter as pupae underground.
Size and Family
- Family – Brocades, quakers and leaf-eating wainscots (Noctuidae)
- Small Sized
- Wingspan Range – 28-38mm
- UK BAP: Not listed
Caterpillar Food Plants
A wide range of wild and cultivated herbaceous and woody plants including Common Nettle (Urtica dioica), Fat-hen (Chenopodium album), willowherbs, St John’s-worts, Traveller’s-joy (Clematis vitalba), English Elm (Ulmus procera), Hazel (Corylus avellana) and Hop (Humulus lupulus). Also occasionally a pest to tomoatoes, feeding inside the fruit.
Occurs in most habitats. Abundant in gardens and other cultivated land and also frequent on heathland and the edges of saltmarshes.
- Countries – England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland
- Common throughout most of Britain, Ireland and the Channel Islands. Less frequent in the far north.