The forewings are uniformly brown in colour with a fine white outer cross-line forming a W (the bright-line) and an orange blotch kidney-mark (the brown-eye).

The larvae can be found from June to October, feeding at night. They then overwinter as pupae underground.

Size and Family

  • Family – Brocades, quakers and leaf-eating wainscots (Noctuidae)
  • Small Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 28-38mm

Conservation Status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Common

Caterpillar Food Plants

A wide range of wild and cultivated herbaceous and woody plants including Common Nettle (Urtica dioica), Fat-hen (Chenopodium album), willowherbs, St John’s-worts, Traveller’s-joy (Clematis vitalba), English Elm (Ulmus procera), Hazel (Corylus avellana) and Hop (Humulus lupulus). Also occasionally a pest to tomoatoes, feeding inside the fruit.

Habitat

Occurs in most habitats. Abundant in gardens and other cultivated land and also frequent on heathland and the edges of saltmarshes.

Distribution

  • Countries – England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland
  • Common throughout most of Britain, Ireland and the Channel Islands. Less frequent in the far north.
Bright-line Brown-eye

Bright-line Brown-eye

Bright-line Brown-eye

Bright-line Brown-eye

Bright-line Brown-eye

Bright-line Brown-eye

Bright-line Brown-eye

Bright-line Brown-eye