Adults can emerge from late April and are on the wing until mid-June. A Duke of Burgundy adult will only live for five to seven days. To find a mate and egg-laying sites in their lifetime, suitable habitat must be close by.

 Conservative MP for Romsey and Southampton North, Caroline Nokes, has ‘adopted’ one of the UK’s most threatened butterflies in a bid to boost its numbers.

The Duke of Burgundy has declined by 40% since the 1970s, but wildlife charity Butterfly Conservation (BC) has helped landowners across Hampshire to turn the county into a stronghold for the butterfly.

MP Caroline Nokes and BC's Nigel BournMs Nokes has agreed to work with BC as a ‘Species Champion’ for the Duke of Burgundy.

BC’s Conservation Officer, Rachel Jones, said: “The Species Champion project is about MPs promoting species, habitats and positive management within their constituency and in Parliament.

“There are now 42 MP Species Champions across England and we’re really grateful that Ms Nokes has chosen to support BC and in particular, raise awareness of this declining butterfly.”

The Hampshire MP recently joined BC staff on a visit to a Duke of Burgundy site near Stockbridge which is being looked after by woodland management company Tilhill Forestry.

She said: “I’m thrilled to be working with BC to raise the profile of this rare butterfly and I’m hoping that by being a ‘Species Champion’ I can contribute to securing its future in Hampshire.

“We’re very lucky to be the national stronghold for this lovely butterfly and it was eye-opening to see how important it is for woodland managers like Tilhill Forestry to work together with others - not just on their land, but across an entire landscape – to conserve some of our rarest wildlife.”

Tilhill Forestry Senior Forest Manager, Stephen Taylor, said: “We’ve been helping the owner of this particular woodland to maintain and improve conditions for the Duke of Burgundy and it was a pleasure to show Ms Nokes the work that has been carried out here.”

The Duke of Burgundy can be found across Hampshire throughout May and June with some of the best sites on the South Downs between Winchester and Petersfield.

The butterfly is fiercely territorial and despite measuring less than three centimetres across, will attack any flying insect that crosses its path.Duke of Burgundy butterfly by Keith Warmington

The Duke’s upper wings are orange and brown, overlaid with a network of dark bars and stripes, while its underwing is a mix of burnt-orange and pale ochre with distinctive flashes of white.

Females are elusive and spend much of their time resting or flying low to the ground looking for suitable egg-laying sites. Eggs are laid on the caterpillar foodplants, either Cowslip or Primrose.


Being A Species Champion

There are now 42 MP Species Champion’s across England and each one is partnered with a conservation organisation like Butterfly Conservation, who will keep them updated with the issues facing their species and the work being done to save it.

Organisations taking part include Butterfly Conservation, the RSPB, Buglife, Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Trust, Plantlife, the Bat Conservation Trust and the Bumblebee Conservation Trust.

The initiative is based on a highly successful scheme launched in Scotland in 2013, involving dozens of MSPs.

MP's wishing to be part of the project can contact Rachel Jones for more information.