Butterflies and moths may be tiny but to save them you have to think big.

Colonies of butterflies surviving in small isolated pockets of land are vulnerable. Research has shown that they can be encouraged to spread their wings and expand but only if they don't have to fly too far.

In response to this new way of understanding butterfly populations and movement, our work to protect them and their habitat takes a landscape-scale approach.

Small Elephant Hawk-moth - Adam Gor

Conservation on a landscape-scale means creating chains of butterfly habitat across large areas of countryside. Improving and connecting land for wildlife through the coordinated conservation management of numerous sites for a range of species across a large natural area. 

Our latest report provides concrete evidence that projects aimed at conserving butterflies and moths at a landscape-scale have enabled threatened species to flourish after decades of decline.

The report, Landscape-scale conservation for butterflies and moths: lessons from the UKshows that measures to conserve rare butterflies and moths have helped other threatened species as well as the habitats in which they live.  

In the last decade, Butterfly Conservation and our partners have embarked on some of the biggest butterfly projects to date.

The landscape-scale approach is used in many projects across England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, further details on these projects can be found on the relevant countries pages.

Butterfly Conservation projects focus on some of our most threatened butterflies and moths, they are often identified as priorities for conserving biodiversity by governments. 

    Chalk Hill Blue - Andrew Cooper


    Our conservation projects in England are managed by our national staff based at our Head Office in Dorset and by our network of regional staff.

    High Brown Fritillary - Iain H Leach


    Butterfly Conservation is involved in many projects in Wales, either as the lead partner or providing advice and help to others. 

    Argent & Sable - Iain Leach


    Scotland's rugged landscape presents a distinctive set of challenges to our team at Butterfly Conservation Scotland.

    Wood White - Patrick Clement

    Northern Ireland

    Northern Ireland has 25 butterfly species and nearly 1000 species of moth. It is vital that action is taken to help the most threatened of our butterflies and moths to halt, then reverse declines.