A relic of Rhos pastures, which was once widespread on the Coal Measures of South Wales. It is an intimate landscape of wet grassland and heathland bounded by mature hedgerows.
History of the Caeau Ffos Fach Reserve
Butterfly Conservation opened this reserve in 2003. Much of the land had been managed traditionally without the use of artificial fertilisers and used for grazing cattle and horses, allowing a rich biodiversity to flourish including the Marsh Fritillary butterfly.
Description and key features
The reserve is part of a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and the Mynydd Mawr Special Area of Conservation (SAC), which is nationally significant for its breeding population of Marsh Fritillary butterflies, as well as an example of the dwindling habitat type known as marshy grassland, rush or Rhos Pasture.
There are five fields of low, undulating grassland, surrounded by mature hedges and trees. Mainly marshy grassland and heathland, it is managed by controlled grazing to conserve the habitat favoured by the Marsh Fritillary and to benefit Devil’s-bit Scabious, the caterpillars’ food plant. The butterflies usually fly in early summer in warm dry weather.
Key species to look out for
- Butterflies: Marsh Fritillary, Marbled White
- Moths: Double Line, Small Chocolate-tip, Mother Shipton
- Notable plants: Devil’s-bit Scabious, Meadow thistle, Aspen, Whorled Caraway, Ragged Robin, Sneezewort
- Other wildlife: Dormouse, Grasshopper Warbler
Brush cutting and controlled grazing with traditional breeds of cattle and ponies.
Location and Directions
Nearest town: Ammanford, Carmarthenshire, postcode: SA14 6SF
Grid reference: Ordnance Survey Map Reference for site entrance SN576119
By road, from the east:
- From M4 Pont Abraham Services, take the A48 westbound towards Carmarthen
- After about 3 1/2 miles, take the slip road signed to Cross Hands Retail and Business Park (before the main Crosshands roundabout)
- Turn right at the mini roundabout
- Go over the bridge across the A48
- Go straight across the next mini roundabout
- Take the next right into Meadows Road (Heol y Waun)
- After about 1/4 mile, Meadows Road bends to the left - the reserve is on the left-hand side
- Park on the right-hand grass verge, beyond the houses; please do not block residents’ access and beware of fast traffic on Meadows Road
By road from the west:
- Take the A48 eastbound to Cross Hands roundabout
- Take the third exit and continue eastbound towards Swansea for about 1/2 a mile
- Then take the slip road signed to Cross Hands Retail and Business Park
- At the mini roundabout, go left, then next right into Meadows Road (Heol y Waun)
- Continue as in directions from the east (see above)
Cycling: The National Cycle Network Route 47 passes just north of Cross Hands at Cwm-y-glo.
By Bus: Buses run from Carmarthen and Ammanford to the village of Cross Hands. It is about a 1km walk from Cross Hands Post Office to the reserve.
By Rail: The nearest railway station is at Ammanford.
Please check for up-to-date information on a travel website.
Site access and safety
Park on the right-hand grass verge beyond the houses; please do not block residents access and beware of fast traffic on Meadows Road.
There is a stile beside the entrance gate and another just beyond that into the first field. The ground is wet and tussocky and cattle graze during the summer, so please leave gates as you find them.
There are no Public Footpaths across the site and so access is on a permissive basis.
Please keep all dogs on leads when livestock are grazing the reserve – all the fields are interconnected.
Most ticks are little more than an irritation, but a few can transmit Lyme disease, a rare and potentially serious illness which is treatable with antibiotics if diagnosed early. It is therefore important to be informed and take some simple precautions.
Russel Hobson (Head of Conservation, Wales)
- Email: @email
- Tel: 01792 642972 or 07736 229593