A variable species, with some strongly-banded individuals, others plain brownish with darker speckling. The females are completely wingless. Overwinter as an egg.

Flight Season

Flies from October into December in one generation.

Mae’r adenydd blaen yn llwydfrown golosg eu lliw, â marciau tonnog gwyn hufennaidd. Mae’r benywod yn fwy o lawer na’r gwrywod.
Nid yw’r gwyfynod llawn dwf yn gallu ymborthi. Byddant yn hedfan gyda’r nos, ac maent yn cael eu denu gan oleuni. Ceir hyd i’r lindys o fis Ebrill tan fis Mehefin, yn ymborthi gyda’r nos neu’n gorffwys ar frigau neu risgl coed yn ystod y dydd, nes iddynt droi’n chwiler dan risgl neu ymhlith gweddillion marw planhigion. Maent yn treulio’r gaeaf ar ffurf wyau ar y planhigion ymborthi.
Maint a Theulu

The name 'Wax Moth' refers to the moth's lifestyle - it lives in beehives, where the larvae feed on the honeycomb. Adults can be attracted to light.

The males of this species have a distinctively concave outer edge to the forewing; the females are generally plainer in appearance with a less concave edge.

Flight Season

Flies between June and October.

Similar to other species and can be very difficult to separate on markings alone, especially as some show marked melanism.

Caterpillars can be found in late spring.

Flight Season

Flies from late September to November in one generation.

Size and Family

  • Family – Geometridae
  • Medium Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 38-44mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Common

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on a variety of trees and shrubs.

The Vestal is a migrant species, occurring primarily in southern England but in varying numbers. In good immigration years, several hundred may appear, almost anywhere in Britain.

The amount and intensity of the pink pigmentation varies. Native to southern Europe and North Africa.

It flies mainly at night and is regularly attracted to light.

Flight Season

Most UK records are from August to October.

A Chestnut-brown or grey-brown moth with broad, round forewings. The central cross-band is relatively broad in the trailing half of the forewing, with no major indentation or scalloping. The single dark dash at the wing tip distinguishes it from similar species such as Juniper Carpet, which has several dark dashes near the tip and a scalloped central band.

The moth is unlikely to be seen far from Common Juniper.

Adults are attracted to light. Overwinters as small larvae. Larvae occur from September to early June; pupates among leaves or fallen needles of foodplant.

An elusive moth but can be found at rest on foodplants Ash and Wild Privet and flitting about after dark. Comes to light in small numbers.

A brown or blackish central crossband is diagnostic for this species, elbowed and divided in two in the leading half of the rounded, tapering forewing. There is little variation in this marking, but it can vary in intensity and width. Males have a small lobe on the hind wing.

Flies from dusk into the night when it is attracted to light.

Flight Season

Flies from June and July, and again in August and September in two generations.

Size and Family

  • Family – Erebidae
  • Small Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 18-22mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Relatively common

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on various grasses

Habitat

Damp meadows and woodland

The Small Chocolate-tip occasionally flies in the daytime and can be found across a large part of Britain.

Flight Season

Flies between May and August in one or two generations.

Size and Family

  • Family – Notodontidae
  • Small Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 22-27mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Local

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on eared willow (Salix aurata), creeping willow (Salix repens), and similar trees.

A large-winged, sombre-coloured moth, the adults are not readily attracted to light but are frequent at sugar.

Flight Season

Flies from July to August in one generation.

Size and Family

  • Family – Noctuidae
  • Large Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 55-65mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Local

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) and other trees and shrubs.

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