Flies from dusk into the night when it is attracted to light.

Flight Season

Flies from June and July, and again in August and September in two generations.

Size and Family

  • Family – Erebidae
  • Small Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 18-22mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Relatively common

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on various grasses

Habitat

Damp meadows and woodland

The Small Chocolate-tip occasionally flies in the daytime and can be found across a large part of Britain.

Flight Season

Flies between May and August in one or two generations.

Size and Family

  • Family – Notodontidae
  • Small Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 22-27mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Local

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on eared willow (Salix aurata), creeping willow (Salix repens), and similar trees.

The English population has two generations, with adults at large in April and May, and again in August and September. In Scotland the species is single-brooded, flying from June to July.

Size and Family

  • Family –
  • Medium Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 27-35mm

Conservation Status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Local

Caterpillar Food Plants

The caterpillars feed on poplar (Populus), especially aspen (P. tremula) as well as sallow (Salix).

Habitat

Woodland

Not found in the UK.

Until recently, and as its name suggests, this butterfly was confined to southern and especially south-eastern Europe, but it is now spreading rapidly in a north-westerly direction, at the rate over 100 km per year. It was first found north of the Alps in France and in Germany in 2008 and has since gradually extended its range and was first sighted in the southern Netherlands in 2015. In 2019 it was reliably recorded near Calais in France. So there is only the matter of the 22 miles of English Channel to cross before it arrives on our shores!  

Not found in the UK.

Size and Family

  • Family: Swallowtails
  • Size: Large
  • Wing Span Range (male to female): 70-90mm

Conservation Status

  • Butterfly Conservation priority: N/A                 
  • European Status: Vulnerable

Caterpillar Foodplants

Caterpillars feed on stonecrop (Sedum species)

Habitat

Diverse - rocky and stony places and vineyards in hills and mountains.

Not found in the UK.

Size and Family

  • Family: Blues
  • Size: Small / Medium
  • Wing Span Range (male to female): 30-36mm

Conservation Status

  • Butterfly Conservation priority: Low                    
  • European Status: Vulnerable

Caterpillar Foodplants

Caterpillars feed on Marsh Gentian (Gentiana pneumonanthe)

Habitat

Damp meadows below 1000m

Not found in the UK. Adults fly in a single brood from late May through to August. Winter is spent as an egg or young caterpillar.

Size and Family

  • Family: Nymphalids / Fritillaries
  • Size: Medium
  • Wing Span Range (male to female): 30-44mm

Conservation Status

  • Butterfly Conservation priority: Low                    
  • European Status: Not threatened

Caterpillar Foodplants

Caterpillars feed on Bramble.

Not found in the UK.

Overwinters as a caterpillar.

Size and Family

  • Family: Blues & Hairstreaks
  • Size: Small
  • Wing Span Range (male to female): 20-30mm

Conservation Status

  • Butterfly Conservation priority: Low                    
  • European Status: Not threatened

Caterpillar Foodplants

Caterpillars feed on Common Bird's-foot-trefoil and Gorse.

Habitat

Grassy, flowery places such as Meadows, farmland and wasteland.

Not found in the UK. This striking butterfly exhibits seasonal dimorphism, having two forms, levana and prorsa that represent the spring and summer broods. levana individuals are primarily orange in colour, giving them the appearance of a small fritillary, whereas prorsa individuals look more like a small White Admiral.

Not found in the UK. There have been several records of this butterfly in the UK from over the past 150 years but the species is not considered to be migratory and their presence has been attributed to passage by ship.

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