Until recently this was only a rare immigrant to mainland Britain, but it is now resident in small numbers in Devon. It also appears occasionally elsewhere on the south-west coast and is resident in the Channel Islands.

Flight Times

Flies in July and August, and then in September and October. The second brood overwinters as an adult and reappears in the spring.

Size and Family

  • Family – Erebidae

  • Small Sized

The females of the Pale Brindled Beauty are completely wingless, or apterous, a feature which is often found in moths which emerge in the winter months.

This species shows marked melanism, the black form f. monacharia being commoner than the typical form in certain parts.

Flight Times

Males fly from January to March, searching for the females which have climbed up tree-trunks.

Size and Family

  • Family – Geometridae

  • Medium Sized

A species of autumn and spring, the Red-green Carpet can be seen in September and October before hibernating as an adult and flying again in the early spring.

The adult moth has a subtle combination of reddish and green colours which can sometimes appear to change, depending on the light.

Flight Times

Flies in September and October, hibernating as an adult and flying again in early spring.

Size and Family

  • Family – Geometridae

  • Small/Medium Sized

A migrant species that can sometimes arrive in large influxes with other migrants.

The Rusty Dot Pearl has multiple generations each year, usually spending winter as a pupa in the soil.

Caterpillars can reach a length of 10–15 millimetres (0.39–0.59 in. The adult moth flies at night and is attracted to light.

Flight Times

Primarily a migrant species to the UK but can be found at almost any time of the year.

Size and Family

  • Family – Crambidae

  • Small Sized 

A variable species, with some strongly-banded individuals, others plain brownish with darker speckling. The females are completely wingless. Overwinter as an egg.

Flight Season

Flies from October into December in one generation.

The name 'Wax Moth' refers to the moth's lifestyle - it lives in beehives, where the larvae feed on the honeycomb. Adults can be attracted to light.

The males of this species have a distinctively concave outer edge to the forewing; the females are generally plainer in appearance with a less concave edge.

Flight Season

Flies between June and October.

Similar to other species and can be very difficult to separate on markings alone, especially as some show marked melanism.

Caterpillars can be found in late spring.

Flight Season

Flies from late September to November in one generation.

Size and Family

  • Family – Geometridae
  • Medium Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 38-44mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Common

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on a variety of trees and shrubs.

Chestnut-brown or grey-brown moth with broad, round forewings. Central cross-band relatively broad in trailing half, with no waist, major indentation or scalloping. Single dark dash at wing tip distinctive between similar species Juniper Carpet which has several dark dashes near tip and scalloped central band.

Unlikely to be seen far from Common Juniper.

Adults are attracted to light. Overwinters as small larvae. Larvae occur from September to early June; pupates among leaves or fallen needles of foodplant.

Flies from dusk into the night when it is attracted to light.

Flight Season

Flies from June and July, and again in August and September in two generations.

Size and Family

  • Family – Erebidae
  • Small Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 18-22mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Relatively common

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on various grasses

Habitat

Damp meadows and woodland

The Small Chocolate-tip occasionally flies in the daytime and can be found across a large part of Britain.

Flight Season

Flies between May and August in one or two generations.

Size and Family

  • Family – Notodontidae
  • Small Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 22-27mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Local

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on eared willow (Salix aurata), creeping willow (Salix repens), and similar trees.

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