The rather bright green caterpillar is marked with black blotches and whitish lateral lines.

Flight Times

Flies from September onwards before hibernating and reappearing in March or April.

Size and Family

  • Family – Noctuidae

  • Medium Sized

  • Wingspan Range – 58-68mm

Conservation Status

  • UK BAP: Listed

  • Priority Species

Caterpillar Food Plants

The caterpillars feed on a variety of plants including dock (Rumex)

One of our more common winter moths, especially during mild spells, and can be found feeding at sallow blossom in early spring

Flight Season

Flies from September through to May.

Size and Family

  • Family – Noctuidae
  • Small Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 28-36mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Common

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on the foliage of a range of trees, including birch (Betula) and oak (Quercus).

A variable species but most often encountered as a reddish-brown ground colour with white or orange reniform stigmata. The small 'satellites' either side of the stigma can be obscure, especially in worn individuals.

Adult moths are attracted to sugar and light.

Flight Season

Flies from September through to April in one generation.

A large-winged, sombre-coloured moth, the adults are not readily attracted to light but are frequent at sugar.

Flight Season

Flies from July to August in one generation.

Size and Family

  • Family – Noctuidae
  • Large Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 55-65mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Local

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) and other trees and shrubs.

Not found in the UK.

Size and Family

  • Family: Swallowtails
  • Size: Large
  • Wing Span Range (male to female): 70-90mm

Conservation Status

  • Butterfly Conservation priority: N/A                 
  • European Status: Vulnerable

Caterpillar Foodplants

Caterpillars feed on stonecrop (Sedum species)

Habitat

Diverse - rocky and stony places and vineyards in hills and mountains.

Not found in the UK.

Size and Family

  • Family: Nymphalids
  • Size: Medium
  • Wing Span Range (male to female): 35-55mm

Conservation Status

  • Butterfly Conservation priority: Low                    
  • European Status: Not threatened

Caterpillar Foodplants

Caterpillars feed on leaves of the Nettle-tree (Celtis australis)

Habitat

Open light woodland but also shrubs and even urban places

Not found in the UK. There are two forms of this magnificent butterfly - the blue form ilia and the orange-brown form clytie, the latter is more commonly encountered in southern regions of its distribution.

This is a large and distinctive butterfly, even in flight, as the white wing borders are unmistakable. The adults live solitary and, as such, migrate singly rather than in the swarms associated with other migrant species.

This species has an annual life cycle. It flies by day in a spinning motion that can be difficult to follow. Adults are seen in May, June and into July, but has been recorded in late April, August and September. The caterpillar feeds from July until autumn on the leaves and flowers of the foodplant, goldenrod, inhabiting a slight silken web under the lower leaves.

An unmistakable and attractive moth whose English name comes from the heart-shaped markings in the central part of the forewings. The scientific names refer to the two circular markings next to the ‘heart’ on the forewings, Dicycla meaning ‘two-circle’, and oo literally meaning ‘double O’.

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