This micro moth is only 3 or 4mm long and is dark grey with silvery-white streaks and a black spot at the apex. Seen during the summer months, it is a very common species in much of Britain and Ireland, where it can be found on sunny days visiting flowers, especially those of buttercup (Ranunculus) and Daisy (Asteraceae). There can sometimes be more than two dozen adults to a single flower.

Easily overlooked but when inspected closely, the moths can be recognised as they slowly 'pump' their wings open and closed. Occasionally comes to light.

This large, powerful butterfly is usually seen flying swiftly over the tops of bracken or low vegetation in woodland clearings. In flight, the males are almost impossible to separate from those of the Dark Green Fritillary, which often share the same habitats. However, both species frequently visit flowers such as thistles and Bramble where it is possible to see their distinctive underside wing markings. The Dark Green lacks the orange ringed 'pearls' on the underside of the hindwing.

This fairly distinctive and furry moth occurs locally throughout a large part of Britain. While variable, it is generally larger than the Pale Brindled Beauty, with a thicker thorax and abdomen, and broader wings.

The adult moths can sometimes be found resting on tree trunks and fences by day but the male is also attracted to light late at night, sometimes in large numbers. The female is rarely seen.

Sometimes referred to as the Blue Underwing, the Clifden Nonpareil is a very large and impressively beautiful and rare moth.

This unmistakable insect is strongly attracted to sugar at dusk and will come to light but can also be seen by day at rest on tree trunks and walls. It has even been recorded flying inland from the sea.

Winter is spent as an egg on the foodplant with the caterpillars hatching the following spring when they can be found through to July, feeding at night. The pupa is made in a silken cocoon that is spun between leaves or among leaf litter.

This furry moth is common throughout most of England but has a more local distribution further north.

The caterpillars feed at night, hiding between spun leaves by day and can be found from late May to early July and again in September to early October in the south. In the north, they are usually only encountered from late June to September.

Winter is spent as a pupa, in a cocoon that is typically formed among leaf litter, under moss or at the base of a tree.

One of the most familiar of the Pyralidae moth, the Small Magpie is common, easily disturbed by day and often attracted to light.

The caterpillar feeds from a rolled or spun leaf in August and September before spending the winter in a tough silk cocoon in a hollow stem or under the bark. Without further feeding, pupation occurs in the following May in the same cocoon.

Flight Season

Flies from May to September in a single generation but can be recorded as early as February and sometimes as late as November.

The Twin-spotted Quaker is a variable species but the blackish twin spots are usually obvious and the diagnostic feature of this common moth. The male is easily identified by the feathered antennae.

Feeding at night, the caterpillars can be found between April and June, resting during the day amongst leaves when small and hides in bark crevices when larger. Overwinters as a pupa with the adult moth fully formed inside before emerging the following spring.

The adult moth feeds at sallow catkins but can be attracted to light and sugar.

The Large Tortoiseshell was once widespread across Britain and most common in the woodlands of central and southern England but while its numbers were always known to fluctuate, it declined to extinction by the 1960s. This butterfly has not been recorded from Ireland.

It is still common in some parts of Europe, but declining in others. There continue to be sporadic records in Britain, the majority from the south coast but some are considered to be of specimens released from reared stock rather than genuine immigrants.

A large white or greyish-white furry moth, the Puss moth is named after the cat-like appearance of the adult. The female is generally larger and also differs in having a grey hindwing and sometimes forewing.

A distinctive moth that has little variation, freshly emerged individuals often have a violet tint. The name 'streamer' refers to the black marking streaming from the leading edge.

The caterpillars can be found between May and July before spending the winter as a pupa, in a cocoon in loose earth.

Sometimes found during the day resting on fence posts, the adult moth is usually encountered from dusk and is attracted to light.

Flight Season

Flies from late March to May in one generation.

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