Small and orange and brown, like a tiny fritillary. Undersides of hind wings have rows of white spots. Lives in small colonies on grassland or woodland clearings.
One of several moths with yellow hindwings. The red-brown or brown colour of the forewing, together with the marbled grey-white markings and a small white blotch near the centre of the forewing help to distinguish this species.
The Small Dark Yellow Underwing, which is a Scottish species, is dark grey with a conspicuous white kidney-shaped mark on the forewing. True Lover’s Knot is superficially similar, but does has a grey-brown hindwing and is usually slightly larger.
Similar to upland forms of the Common Heath, but that species has central cross-lines which almost meet and the male has more feathery antennae. May also be confused with the Latticed Heath, but this moth has stronger and more defined markings with dark.
Overwinters as a pupa, the larva feeding from late May to July. Young larvae feed only on the young shoots
Males fly around conifers in sunshine. Comes to light. Rests with wings held above the body and pressed together like a butterfly. Males vary from yellowish in the south to white in northern England and Scotland, the females varying from orange in the south to brown in the north. Males have feathery antennae.
The larva can be seen from late June to October. They overwinter as pupae on the ground among conifer needles.
Flies by day, particularly in warm or sunny conditions.
They overwinter as pupae in plant debris. The larvae can be found from late June to mid August in the south, or early July to early September further north, feeding between spun leaves.
Found throughout England and Wales but becoming increasingly rare. Wings black or dark brown with checker-board of white spots. A small, low-flying, darting butterfly. Dingy Skipper similar in size but wings much duller.
The butterfly has historically been linked with the traditional practice of woodland coppicing, giving it the nick-name of the 'Woodman's Follower' as it follows the cycle of cutting around a wood.
The Heath Fritillary is distinguished by its dusky wing colours. It is restricted to a few specialised habitats where it flies close to the ground with characteristic flits and glides.
Sadly it is now one of our rarest butterflies but has been saved from the brink of extinction by the concerted action of conservationists.
Male Large Skippers are most often found perching in a prominent, sunny position, usually on a large leaf at a boundary between taller and shorter vegetation, awaiting passing females. Females are less conspicuous, though both sexes may be seen feeding on flowers, Bramble being a favourite. Males have thick black line through centre of fore-wing. Undersides have faint orange spots unlike the bright silver spots in Silver-spotted Skipper.
The Marbled White is a distinctive and attractive black and white butterfly, unlikely to be mistaken for any other species. In July it flies in areas of unimproved grassland and can occur in large numbers on southern downland. It shows a marked preference for purple flowers such as Wild Marjoram, Field Scabious, thistles, and knapweeds. Adults may be found roosting halfway down tall grass stems.
The Marsh Fritillary is threatened, not only in the UK but across Europe, and is therefore the object of much conservation effort.
The wings of this beautiful butterfly are more brightly patterned than those of other fritillaries, with more heavily marked races being found in Scotland and Ireland. The larvae spin conspicuous webs that can easily be recorded in late summer.