A species of autumn and spring, the Red-green Carpet can be seen in September and October before hibernating as an adult and flying again in the early spring.

The adult moth has a subtle combination of reddish and green colours which can sometimes appear to change, depending on the light.

Flight Times

Flies in September and October, hibernating as an adult and flying again in early spring.

Size and Family

  • Family – Geometridae

  • Small/Medium Sized

The Vestal is a migrant species, occurring primarily in southern England but in varying numbers. In good immigration years, several hundred may appear, almost anywhere in Britain.

The amount and intensity of the pink pigmentation varies. Native to southern Europe and North Africa.

It flies mainly at night and is regularly attracted to light.

Flight Season

Most UK records are from August to October.

The resting position of the Early Thorn distinguishes it from all other British thorns, with wings held back and close together, similar to a butterfly. The summer generation is smaller and paler, typically with larger tawny orange patches on the underside. Darker forms are encountered in the north.

The caterpillar can be found between May and June and again from August to early October in the south but in the north, where there is only one generation, caterpillars can be found between June and August. Overwinters as a pupa, spun between leaves or plant debris, 

Also known as the Webbing Clothes Moth, this small pale golden-brown moth has reddish hairs on its head and usually lives indoors. As indicated by its name, its larvae will eat clothes or carpets made of wool or other natural materials but you can deter them from households.

The Brighton Wainscot is a straw-coloured moth with two distinctive pale broad stripes. It was first seen in Britain near Brighton in the late 19th century, which gives it its common name. During most of the 20th century, it appeared to be thriving and was widely recorded across southern England but has since rapidly declined.

It overwinters as an egg which is laid on the foodplant in late summer. The larvae hatch in late spring or early summer. They pupate in the ground between June and July.

The distinctive central cross-line is largely red and as the name suggests it is often accompanied by a central reddish blush on the forewings. The forewing tip is pointed and the outer edge has a central bulge.

The adults are sometimes seen during the day resting on the leaves of trees or Bracken and other vegetation. They feed on tree flowers at night and are attracted to light. The larvae can be found from late June to July and mid-August to September before they overwinter as pupae attached to a fallen oak leaf.

The adults fly at night and are attracted to light. In the day, they hide in ground cover.

The larvae can be seen from July to mid-September, remaining on the foodplant when young and then as they become larger feeding mainly at night and hiding in leaf litter during the day.

Size and Family

  • Family – Thyatiridae
  • Medium Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 32-38mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Common

Caterpillar Food Plants

Bramble (Rubus fruiticosus).

Three roughly parallel, diagonal white lines crossing the forewings. The head and thorax are green, the antennae are orange and front legs are pink. The male also has bright pink or pinkish-brown fringes to the wings.

The adults are attracted to light. The caterpillars can be seen from July to September and then they overwinter as pupae on the underside of the foodplant leaves or in a bark crevice.

Buff-coloured wings with a distinctive pink or brownish-red line across the fore and hind wings. When at rest the wings are held flat so that these markings form a virtually straight line between the forewing tips. The fringes are also a bright pink colour.

They can be seen during the day around low vegetation. They overwinter as larvae which can be seen in July and from September to the following April. They pupate near the ground among plant debris.

An unmistakeable and distinctive moth with pinkish-brown markings. The wings are folded along the body at rest which gives the impression of a withered autumn leaf.

The adults are attracted to light and feed on flowers of Common Reed and other grasses. They are frequently seen during the day, resting in the open, on walls, fences or vegetation. They overwinter as larvae so the caterpillars can be seen all year round, feeding in mild weather. They usually pupate in a cocoon just under the soil.

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