A large-winged, sombre-coloured moth, the adults are not readily attracted to light but are frequent at sugar.

Flight Season

Flies from July to August in one generation.

Size and Family

  • Family – Noctuidae
  • Large Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 55-65mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Local

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) and other trees and shrubs.

The Mullein is more often found in the caterpillar stage than as an adult but can be seen when attracted to light.

Flight Season

Flies from April to May in one generation.

Size and Family

  • Family – Noctuidae
  • Medium Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 45-50mm

Conservation Status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Common

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars in the wild feed on species of mullein (Verbascum) and in gardens, on Buddleia.

The males have long, whitish antennae, the females shorter, both sexes having bronzy or metallic greenish forewings. The moths fly in the daytime, sometimes occurring in swarms.

The caterpillar lives in a portable case.

Flight Season

Flies from May to June in one generation.

Size and Family

  • Family – Adelidae
  • Small Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 14-18mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Common

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on leaf-litter.

The English population has two generations, with adults at large in April and May, and again in August and September. In Scotland the species is single-brooded, flying from June to July.

Size and Family

  • Family –
  • Medium Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 27-35mm

Conservation Status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Local

Caterpillar Food Plants

The caterpillars feed on poplar (Populus), especially aspen (P. tremula) as well as sallow (Salix).

Habitat

Woodland

Not found in the UK.

Size and Family

  • Family: Swallowtails
  • Size: Large
  • Wing Span Range (male to female): 70-90mm

Conservation Status

  • Butterfly Conservation priority: N/A                 
  • European Status: Vulnerable

Caterpillar Foodplants

Caterpillars feed on stonecrop (Sedum species)

Habitat

Diverse - rocky and stony places and vineyards in hills and mountains.

Extinct from the UK. The Black-veined White was first listed as a British species in 1667 but this large butterfly became extinct in the British Isles around 1925 with its last remaining stronghold in the south-east of England.

It was always considered a rarity in the British Isles but on the continent, it is often very common.

The female is known to rub her wings together and loses many of her scales by doing so, resulting in an almost-transparent look when compared with the white wings of the male. The reason behind this unusual behaviour is not known.

Not found in the UK.

Size and Family

  • Family: Nymphalids
  • Size: Large
  • Wing Span Range (male to female): 65-90mm

Conservation Status

  • Butterfly Conservation priority: Low                    
  • European Status: Not threatened

Caterpillar Foodplants

Caterpillars feed on leaves of the Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo)

Habitat

Wooded hillsides with plenty of foodplant but can sometimes be found in town centres.

Not found in the UK. Adults fly in a single brood from late May through to August. Winter is spent as an egg or young caterpillar.

Size and Family

  • Family: Nymphalids / Fritillaries
  • Size: Medium
  • Wing Span Range (male to female): 30-44mm

Conservation Status

  • Butterfly Conservation priority: Low                    
  • European Status: Not threatened

Caterpillar Foodplants

Caterpillars feed on Bramble.

Not found in the UK. This striking butterfly exhibits seasonal dimorphism, having two forms, levana and prorsa that represent the spring and summer broods. levana individuals are primarily orange in colour, giving them the appearance of a small fritillary, whereas prorsa individuals look more like a small White Admiral.

Not found in the UK. There are two forms of this magnificent butterfly - the blue form ilia and the orange-brown form clytie, the latter is more commonly encountered in southern regions of its distribution.

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