The English name of the Twenty-plume Moth is something of a misnomer, as each wing is separated into 6 'plumes'. The scientific name is more accurate, meaning 'six-fingered'.

The only British member of its family, the moth is nocturnal and attracted to light.

Flight Times

Flies all-year-round.

Size and Family

  • Family – Alucitidae

  • Small Sized

  • Wingspan Range – 14-16mm

Conservation Status

  • UK BAP: Not listed

  • Fairly common

The females of the Pale Brindled Beauty are completely wingless, or apterous, a feature which is often found in moths which emerge in the winter months.

This species shows marked melanism, the black form f. monacharia being commoner than the typical form in certain parts.

Flight Times

Males fly from January to March, searching for the females which have climbed up tree-trunks.

Size and Family

  • Family – Geometridae

  • Medium Sized

One of our more common winter moths, especially during mild spells, and can be found feeding at sallow blossom in early spring

Flight Season

Flies from September through to May.

Size and Family

  • Family – Noctuidae
  • Small Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 28-36mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Common

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on the foliage of a range of trees, including birch (Betula) and oak (Quercus).

The name 'Wax Moth' refers to the moth's lifestyle - it lives in beehives, where the larvae feed on the honeycomb. Adults can be attracted to light.

The males of this species have a distinctively concave outer edge to the forewing; the females are generally plainer in appearance with a less concave edge.

Flight Season

Flies between June and October.

Similar to other species and can be very difficult to separate on markings alone, especially as some show marked melanism.

Caterpillars can be found in late spring.

Flight Season

Flies from late September to November in one generation.

Size and Family

  • Family – Geometridae
  • Medium Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 38-44mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Common

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on a variety of trees and shrubs.

Chestnut-brown or grey-brown moth with broad, round forewings. Central cross-band relatively broad in trailing half, with no waist, major indentation or scalloping. Single dark dash at wing tip distinctive between similar species Juniper Carpet which has several dark dashes near tip and scalloped central band.

Unlikely to be seen far from Common Juniper.

Adults are attracted to light. Overwinters as small larvae. Larvae occur from September to early June; pupates among leaves or fallen needles of foodplant.

An elusive moth but can be found at rest on foodplants Ash and Wild Privet and flitting about after dark. Comes to light in small numbers.

A brown or blackish central crossband is diagnostic for this species, elbowed and divided in two in the leading half of the rounded, tapering forewing. There is little variation in this marking, but it can vary in intensity and width. Males have a small lobe on the hind wing.

Can be similar to Dark Crimson Underwing, but is usually smaller with a lighter and more variegated forewing.

Like most other British Catocala species, this moth can be attracted to light as well as sugar.

Flight Season

Flies between July and August.

Size and Family

  • Family: Underwings
  • Large Sized 
  • Wing Span Range (male to female) - 60-65mm

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on Oak (Quercus)

Habitat

Oak woodland.

The Small Chocolate-tip occasionally flies in the daytime and can be found across a large part of Britain.

Flight Season

Flies between May and August in one or two generations.

Size and Family

  • Family – Notodontidae
  • Small Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 22-27mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Local

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on eared willow (Salix aurata), creeping willow (Salix repens), and similar trees.

A large-winged, sombre-coloured moth, the adults are not readily attracted to light but are frequent at sugar.

Flight Season

Flies from July to August in one generation.

Size and Family

  • Family – Noctuidae
  • Large Sized
  • Wingspan Range – 55-65mm

Conservation status

  • UK BAP: Not listed
  • Local

Caterpillar Food Plants

Caterpillars feed on blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) and other trees and shrubs.

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